The original destination and still one of the favourites of Madmax Tours, Stonehenge is located in the county of Wiltshire in the open grassland of Salisbury plain. It is one of the wonders of the world and a masterpiece of engineering. How did Neolithic people build it using only the simple tools and technologies available to them?
The first monument at Stonehenge was a circular earthwork enclosure, built in about 3000 BC. A ditch was dug with simple antler tools, and the chalk piled up to make an inner and an outer bank. Within the ditch was a ring of 56 timber or stone posts. The monument was used as a cremation cemetery for several hundred years. In about 2500 BC the site was transformed by the construction of the central stone settings. Enor-mous sarsen stones and smaller bluestones were raised to form a unique monument. Building Stonehenge took huge effort from hundreds of well-organised people.
Stonehenge has been the subject of speculation and fascination since at least the early medieval period. There have been different theories put forward about who built it, when, and for what purpose. Antiquaries argued that it was an ancient Roman temple, or that it was built by the Druids. Astron-omers suggested that it was a primitive computer for calculating the dates of eclipses. More recently, archaeologists have suggested that it was a place for prehistoric people's ancestors, or per-haps a centre of healing. The first temporary exhibition at the visitor centre explores this story of our changing understanding of Stonehenge.